Medicago sativa cultivation and Medicago sativa agriculture, Medicago sativa feed plant characteristics, forage crops group. Medicago sativa is the most abundant feed plant in the world. It is admitted as the king of feed plants. It is a bait plant with alfalfa support. Medicago sativa grows agriculture every year. Medicago sativa agriculture is made in every region.
How to plant clover seeds?
Four to five kg of seedlings are planted in alfalfa seeds. The amount of alfalfa seeds planted with seeds is 2-2.5 kg. It is squeezed to a depth of 1.5-2cm. The use of rooting hormones in alfalfa seeds is commonplace.
Clover fertilization decanter 25 - 30 kg root fertilizer 15 15 15 is discarded. The alfalfa does not want the nitrogenous toppings. Every winter, however, it is beneficial to throw root roots in the field. Organic fertilizer improves the yield of yoncan.
Clover planting time: Clover is planted in autumn and early spring. In extreme cold regions, the spring planting is more accurate.
Alfalfa irrigation systems are made in irrigation, sprinkling and salting irrigation in clover farming. It is better to choose a sprinkler irrigation system. In the summer months, over-harvesting in the wet season leads to root rot in the alfalfa. Alfalfa bait plant should be avoided without excessive irrigation.
Clover seeds varieties: Efficient varieties of alfalfa seeds, what are the varieties of alfalfa seeds?
Alfalfa alfalfa seeds, kayseri shoal, peri shoal, shore shoal, prairie seed. Mainly cold continental climates, warm climates in coastal clam farms are made.
The alfalfa plant can root up to 8-10 m deep. Alfalfa feed crops are compatible with a range of geographical climates ranging from minus fifty to plus sixty degrees. The most important thing in the cultivation of alfalfa is the selection of the variety of alfalfa seeds for different climate zones. Classification in alfalfa seed is based on the concept called dormancy. The overall range varies from 2 to 9 according to the cold coastal regions. Clover seeds are sold in Torunoğlu Seed as certified.
Our varieties of Clover seeds are certified and of high quality. Clover seed prices are suitable for our company. Clover seed brands are imported in our company. Prices of alfalfa seed vary according to the brand of alfalfa seed. Clover seed benefits have been discussed in recent years in the category of herbaceous plants in terms of human tolerance.
Alfalfa cultivation is mainly concentrated in the Aksaray, Konya and Ankara regions of the İçanadolu Region. Yonca harvest is done in the summer months when the climate is available. Our country is among the countries that sell exports of alfalfa for sale. Clover barley prices have surpassed the rise due to the rising demand. This has increased the cultivation of alfalfa and alfalfa. We direct our farmers who ask for alfalfa price to growers who produce alfalfa.
The yield of the alfalfa varies from 15 bales to 25 bales, depending on the average yield of the yield plot. Clover plant harvest time is 10% blooming time. In a form of deciduous yield 1-3 tons of green, 300-800 kg dry weed is done. The ideal humidity value for drying is 12-14%. 75% of the yoncanin protein is in the leaves. When the alfalfa is dried and bale is made, it is necessary to pour its leaves. The alfalfa is 10 cm above the ground level. In very cold regions the final shape should be 20 cm above. The cropped alfalfa is quickly dried and removed from the field. Too much clam in the field damages the clover plant.
Alfalfa is not only dry grass but also alfalfa silage can be done at the same time. Alfalfa is eaten lovingly by animals. Alfalfa provides high milk and fattening in wild animals.
The yield of alfalfa forms a large number in a year.
The number of years of planting is relatively small.
2-3 can be taken in İçanadolu and 3-4 in coastal areas.
Yoncada starts after the second year of actual yield.
2-4 in Eastern Anatolia, 4-5 in İçanadolu, 5-7 in Aegean Region, 7-10 in Mediterranean and Southeastern Anatolia region. The highest yield of alfalfa is in the third year. After 3 years, the yield decreases gradually and yields up to 7 years.
2012 has been a troubled year in the prices and designation of alfalfa seeds. Clover seed production and importation of alfalfa seeds have been difficult. Clover seed is certified and sold as Torontoglu Seed. Among the companies selling alfalfa seeds are our cheap price, high quality sales policy. Clover seeds are purchased from Torunoğlu Seed as the best alfalfa seed.
Due to the drought of 2014, coarse feed production and other field crops have made a troubled start due to agriculture. Due to heavy rainfall, 2015 is a good year for clover. 2017 alfalfa seed prices are sold in our company with appropriate figures.
For the best production of alfalfa, choose Torunoglu Seed clover brands. We deliver seeds with contracted cargoes to every region of the country within 24 hours.
We offer different special imported alfalfa seeds for the Aegean, Mediterranean, Black Sea, Inner Anatolia, East Anatolia Region and Southeastern Anatolia Regions compatible flora seeds and other regions in Marmara Region.
For information on certified alfalfa varieties and alfalfa seeds for sale and sale of alfalfa seeds: Torunoğlu Seeds: 0322 2398808 0530 3005273 0532 2664041 0555 9975075 ADANA We provide technical support for the seeds we sell. Torunoğlu Seeding continues to be with customers after the sale.
Change of Chemical Composition in Various Form Circuits of Yoncanın (%)
Biçim Devresi Raw Protein / Raw Fat / Raw Cellulose/ N-sz Elementary Substance /Raw Ash
Very young 23.3 / 3.3 / 22.7 / 38.7 / 12.0 /
Young n 29.1 / 3.2 / 23.8 / 33.9 / 10.0 /
Flowering Beginning 19.5 / 3.2 / 27.7 / 39.5 / 10.1
Full Flowering 17.1 / 2.5 / 30.8 / 40.4 / 9.2
Nouaison 12.9 / 2.1 / 37.5 / 39.6 / 7.9 /
Hay 9.9 / 1.6 / 43.8 / 37.3 / 7.4
MOZAIC DISEASE: the most typical symptom is the mosaic image on the leaves.
Leaves remain mostly small, get curly.
The plant height remains shortie and gets bushy.
Although the symptoms are evident in cool weather conditions, they are partially masked in hot summer months.
The virus can also pass on some vegetables.Moving is often done with aphids.
Some types of love vines also spread the disease.There is no sense of fighting against the disease.
As a cultural measure; It may be advisable that the plants are not aged, other plant species in which the virus can pass, are not installed near the plant, and the plant plants are collected and destroyed.
Insineration (Erysiphe Pisi):
Despite the fact that the benzalin is in fact an ash, this tiny individual is also seen in the yoncada. A typical symptom of ashing disease is a white dusty structured image of flour spread over the leaves.
The leaves lose their brightness and softness, become crisp. The ends of the patient leaves are curled.
It is also stated that the animals are sick if the dried alfalfa is used as animal feed.
The fungus passes through the winter in diseased plant wastes in micelle form (especially in temperate regions).
LEAF STAIN DISEASE
These are occasional leaf spot diseases seen in the yonca.
There is no drug fight against this disease. The best measure is to rehabilitate the clitoris early.
Brown or purple micelle yarns spread to the root surface, from which they enter the internal tissues and break down.
They transform a soft, mushy mass.
Wet parts of the tongue are more exposed to the disease.
Driving of the diseased horns and application of quicklime.
LOVE VINE STRUGGLE
One of the most important jobs in alfalfa farming is to fight offshore.
Because of lack of chlorophyll, photosynthesis can not be done.
After the seeds are germinated, the small seedlings are wrapped around the plant.
It is fed by sucking the juice of the plant with its axes.
It spreads easily, causing great damage to the plant and causing the plant to die.
Weed and weeds, which are seen in the vicinity of Yoncalık, should be burnt by spraying.
The animals should not be grazed in the lucerne that have love vines.Since lumberjack seeds can pass through their digestive systems without losing their ability to germinate, they should not use debris from animals that eat alfalfa alfalfa as a jugular.
Other cultivated plants (cereals, maize) should be planted, with at least 3 - 4 years from which they are extensively removed.
Dishes with scabbard must be deeply cut before the flowers are bloomed, and plants should not be left in the hive. In this way, deep cultivation should be repeated 3-4 times in succession.
It is quite difficult to give a certain struggle threshold for the chemical struggle in the jungle. If there is a trick to fight the medicines, the medicine should be done without blooming the seedlings.
The first condition for the cultivation of non-skewered alfalfa is the desertless and certified seed bread.
If the acidity of the fields to be set up in the clover plant is high, it should be absolutely calcined.
Since lime shows very slow activity in the soil (because it spreads slowly in the soil); Alfalfa 6-12 months before planting is the most appropriate.
Calculation is recommended to be made in 2 applications.
1.Application should be made before the deep version where the first soil treatment is done.
Yonca Silage Harvesting and Preparation at High Quality
Higher quality clover silage harvest is slightly different from high quality dry clover harvest. The most important difference relates to the level of moisture in the stratum corneum.
Higher dry clover will contain clover silage, 35-40% dry matter, while containing 85% dry matter.
How silage is preserved directly affects the level of humidity. If the silage is stored in a plastic bag or other oxygen-restricted form, the dry matter content will be slightly higher. The stages of preparing alfalfa silage are as follows:
The best quality silage is obtained by harvesting the clover during late vegetative, early insemination.
Approximately 10% of the alfalfa plant should have buds.
If blooming has begun to occur, the time for harvesting may still be appropriate, but the protein level has dropped slightly and the NDF value has risen slightly.
Our goal is to achieve 20% crude protein, 30% ADF and 40% NDF. Leave the dry matter value of the material dry until at least 30%. A little higher is better.
If harvested material is released in a large area, not in clusters, it will dry faster.
The alfalfa must be harvested sufficiently high so that soil or foreign material does not mix during harvest. Generally, it is a program that is recommended to be cut in the low humidity conditions, after lunch and chopping the next morning.
The important thing is that they do not harvest long before the winter. The next step is to cut the harvested material into small pieces using a silage cutter.
It is important to cut the silage as soon as the moisture level drops quickly. Another important thing to note during the cutting process is that it is cut so as to obtain parts of uniform length, and that the silage is packed / compressed in the silo to provide a good fermentation. The recommended length for alfalfa or weed silage is 12 mm.
Note that it is possible to obtain longer parts than this theoretical part length.
In this case, it is suitable for feeding cattle.
Shorter material can be digested at high rates by providing rumen stimulation, thus ensuring that excessive amounts of feed are consumed.
When properly harvested and crushed, the material should look like the picture.
Using a particle separator, you can evaluate the track length. When a separator is used, the targeted ratio must be: 20% of the shredded material should be in the topmost mesh, 40% in the middle mesh and 40% in the bottom mesh.
If the medium amount is more, it is not a problem. However, if there is a large amount left in the topmost sieve, this will result in poor storage of the silage, resulting in a low-quality coarse feed.
The silo should be filled quickly and packed / packed well. Many failures arise when these two goals are not reached.
When the silage is not tightly compressed, a temperature increase (exotherm) occurs, the material becomes fermented, and this temperature increase causes the proteins that are destroyed from heat to form.
The heat-damaged protein can not be digested by the cow.
The temperature increase in the stored silage should be at most 5-7 ° C above the ambient temperature.
The faster the silo is packed / compressed, the smaller the amount of deterioration.
Once the silo has been filled, it must be covered with a plastic cover. The silage should wait at least 30-45 days to add food. This time allows a complete fermentation, thus ensuring a high quality feed to the container.
When the silodophane is taken, it should have a sweet smell, no signs of mold and similar deterioration.
The top layer of the silage can have a small amount of mold (up to 10 cm) and this is normal. When taking the silage silage, a 15 cm ratio should be cut as a daily amount along the entire surface of the silage that is facing us.
Tags: alfalfa seeds, alfalfa seeds prices, certified alfalfa seeds, alfalfa seeds, alfalfa seeds for sale, alfalfa seeds, alfalfa seedlings